Legislation

legislation

There is international conventions like the Washington convention, to protect endangered species, with the control of their transport and trade. This CITES groups species into annexes. Raised animals are in annexe 2, they can be exported if there is a CITES number in the invoices. This annexe is released in the european rules, 2 equals B for example. But a reptile from european union can circuled with only an attestation from the raiser, the CITES is not required. This legal arsenal is in order to protect animals but also all the people around them.

The capacited certificate rules the possession of reptiles in France. It takes the raiser’s finality, the nature and the size of his installations, the rarity of the species but also the number of animals. He is required for venomous snakes. A file is constitued for the veterinary services, a formation and then an oral exam are required. For sale in a website, you need a Siret number and declare all of this for the taxes service. Think of declare your animals with the authority to protect you.

Without this, by the european rules 33897, we have the right to have:

3 adults boas, 25 reptiles no more than 40cm for tortoies, 1meter of lezards and 1meter50 for snakes, 10 for species more than 40 cm for tortoises, 1meter for lezards and 1meter50 for snakes, 6 species forbiden by capture, all for no more than 40 adults.

The 1882 article from the French Civil Code is related to civil responsability. If an animal, even a reptile, make damages, it’sthe responsability of his owner, for material and moral prejudices. This damages are juged by the court.

For example, if an animal bites someone of if he lived and goes in you neighbour’s house, you are responsible. Besides it engenders a bad picture of snake’s breeders, so we have to be careful and discret.

Belgian law:

In Wallonie:

To possess 1 to 10 non venimous little snakes (less than 3 meters), you need to declare in the city hall. In the other case, you need a class 2 license, or a classe 3 license. An environment class 3 license is a free declaration to the city hall.
To obtain environment class 2 license, you need to complete a file with:
land registry
IGN map for your house
Installations plan
data sheet for each species
pay 125e

After that, an investigation at your house and the neighborhood will be done. If you move, you need to pass again the license. For example, for Charleroi, 3 services need to come to your house:
police to check breeding conditions (spaces, temperatures…)
Firemen to check security conditions ( if fire or evasion )
a vet to check the snakes health
A unique tax ( 50e and 80e) per year is asking for this license. You need indeed to possess all bills, a register also. Racks are not allowed because for the authorities its only for trade and business but its tolerate for isolate snakes or for younger snakes.

Flandres:

In Flandres, you can have 30 non venomous little snakes ( less than 3meters), it is Vlarem law. But in Bruxelles, indigène snakes are forbidden. IBGE ( belgian environment institute) survey and for NC snakes, you need a city hall autorisation and 75e for 7 to 30 pythons, and if you have more than that, it is a class 2 license. But, for more than 300 snakes, you need a pet shop agreement.

USA:

26 american states has done a picture of the current situation for indigène reptiles. Those states decide to protect them, and even schoolboys maids campaign to protect their favorite reptiles, and encourage politicians to make them a state symbol. But there is also a lots of laws in the United States to possess reptiles as pet. In most states, every dangerous reptiles are forbidden (venimous snakes, crocodiles…), but some states are more restrictive with constrictors snakes. Before buy a reptile, you need to have all the informations from the state and from local laws also. First, to possess legal a reptile, you can’t have a criminal record. Then, licenses depends on local laws, your age, and species. You also need to possess bills and vet certificates. In a lot of states, reptiles are considered as dangerous and its illegal to possess them ( almost venomous and constrictors). But in Colorado or Alabama for example, laws don’t exist at all for reptiles possession.

England:

Like the other countries, laws exist to possess reptiles. Its not to bother you, but just to be sure that security conditions are optimale. To have a reptile, you need to be adult and have your own house. If it is not the case, a license is needed and an investigation (with your family and neighborhood) will be done. The license cost 120£, and they inspect your house and control your
level of knowledge. a guarantee is advised because if your reptile hurt someone, it cost a lot !

Netherlands:

A new Dutch regulation came into force yesterday (1 February 2015) that limits the type of animals that can be kept as pets. Animals not included on the new ‘Positive List’ cannot be legally kept or may only be kept with a special permit. The Animal Protection Agency (APA), which campaigns against the trade in wild animals as pets, has greatly welcomed this new legislation and hopes that the UK (DEFRA and the devolved administrations) will also adopt this proven, practical and pragmatic approach. 

For the moment, in Netherlands, there is no real legislation, but the law is going to change soon. Since 2015, a positive list exist with animals you can have without troubles but the positive list doesn’t exist yet for reptiles, but the government want to create one list soon to avoid illegal trade. This list can have a european impact because Belgium, Scotland, Finland, Lutuania, Greece, are interested.

Australia:

To possess a reptile in Australia, Australia being full of snakes species, you need a license delivered but the environment and heritage office. The license type depends on the species but also the number of reptile that you want to have. 

To have this license, you need to be 16. For class 1 license, you need to know all the needs of R1 species. This license cost 143$ for 5 years and its delivered in 21 days.

Canada:

Canadians laws are really clear and severe for big snakes and venomous one. They are simply forbidden (birmans pythons, crocodiles, big varans…). Some are tolerate, little snakes (less than 3 meters) like boas or morelia spilota. If more than 3 meters for those species, you need a SPCA license because they protect animals. You need to prove that you know the species and that you are able to take care of. For classic species like python regius, you just need to have the bills to prouve that it’s not from illegal trade.